There are several types of materials for creating boxes and packaging, but each of them has different characteristics that determine the type and strength of the final product. The following materials are most often used in printing facilities:
The cardboard can be of different weights, depending on whether it will be thin or thick. It is necessary to correctly determine how many grams will be needed according to what weight the package must support. It can be of different color, according to the price requested by the customer, such as white on both sides, white on the face and gray on the back, white on the face and cream on the back, kraft, etc.
There are different types of paper according to the characteristics that define it as different weights and volume. Here is a part of them:
Offset paper is the most famous, which is produced with wide application. It is extremely white with little cellulose, making it good passability and monochrome and full color print quality. It is mainly used for catalogs, textbooks, brochures, books, dictionaries and any advertising material requiring high quality printing.
Glossy paper has a double-sided coating and is distinguished by being shiny and soft, which also makes it more expensive. It is often used in digital printing for high quality materials.
Adhesive paper, also called self-adhesive, is characterized by the fact that one side allows it to stick to other surfaces. It can also be used in digital or offset printing according to the circulation.
Newsprint is a lower grade, therefore cheaper, but it is lighter than offset.
It is distinguished by its cream color and is mainly used for newspapers and some school notebooks.
Chrome paper can be matte or glossy and is suitable for printing because it retains its shine. It is often used for lamination on corrugated cardboard and cardboard, and if it is of a thicker grammage, a box can be made directly from it.
Designer paper (effect paper) is one that is colorful and different to the touch, it can be shiny, iridescent, rough, smooth. It is distinguished by its high price and is used for luxury packaging.
Corrugated cardboard is often confused with cardboard by people outside of the printing industry, even though they have nothing in common. It is mainly used for shipping packaging and cartons, as well as some luxury packaging that needs safe transportation. Corrugated cardboard can be two-layered, three-layered, four-layered, five-layered, with the outer sides being straight paper, and the inside - wavy. When one of the outer partitions is missing, the corrugated board is said to be open wave. It can be brown/brown, brown/white and white/white, which is determined by the color of the outer layer.
Mukawa is used for luxury goods. It is distinguished by its high price. It is hard and to make a certain product it is necessary to make "channels" through which the mukava can be folded. No bleaching is applied in the production process, which is why it is gray on both sides. Stamping can be added by printing chrome paper and then laminating (gluing) it to the cover. Some customers prefer to cover the material with designer paper. The cardboard is of different thicknesses, which allows the creation of packages of different strength according to their content and the price requested by the customer.